Volume 128, Number 6, December 2019
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||06 February 2020|
Interplay of quenching temperature and drift in Brownian dynamics
1 School of Nano Science, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM) - P. O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran, Iran
2 The Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics - 1 Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3NP, UK
3 Department of Physics, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS) - Zanjan 45137-66731, Iran
4 Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems - Heisenbergstr. 3, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
5 4th Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Stuttgart - Pfaffenwaldring 57, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany
Received: 13 December 2019
Accepted: 8 January 2020
We investigate the non-equilibrium evolution of ideal Brownian particles confined between two walls, following simultaneous quenches of the temperature and a constant external force. We compute (analytically and in numeric simulations) the post-quench dynamics of the density and the pressure exerted by the particles on the two walls perpendicular to the drift force. For identical walls, symmetry breaking associated with the drift gives rise to unequal particle densities and pressures on the two walls. While the pressure on one wall increases monotonically after the quench, on the other wall, depletion causes a non-monotonic dynamics with an overshooting at finite times, before the long-term steady-state value is reached. For walls immersed in a Brownian gas, the effective interaction force changes sign from repulsive at short times to attractive at late times. These findings have potential applications in various soft matter systems or fluids with charged Brownian particles, as well as carrier dynamics in semiconducting structures.
PACS: 05.40.-a – Fluctuation phenomena, random processes, noise, and Brownian motion / 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics
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