Volume 130, Number 1, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||28 April 2020|
Orientation and edge passivation modulated magnetism in phosphorene nanoribbons
1 Key Laboratory of Materials Physics of Ministry of Education, School of Physics and Microelectronics, Zhengzhou University - Zhengzhou 450052, China
2 International Laboratory for Quantum Functional Materials of Henan, School of Physics and Microelectronics, Zhengzhou University - Zhengzhou 450001, China
Received: 15 December 2019
Accepted: 8 April 2020
We have investigated the magnetic properties of phosphorene nanoribbons (PNRs) using the first-principles calculations within density functional theory. Our results suggest that the magnetism can be modulated by fabrication of nanoribbons with certain orientation in PNRs. The stable magnetic ground states were found in the O-terminated PNRs with (0, 1), (1, 1), (1, 2), (3, 1) edges. The (1, 1) and (1, 2) edges prefer the intra-edge ferromagnetic (FM) and inter-edge antiferromagnetic (AFM) order, but the (0, 1) and (3, 1) edges are stabilized as intra- and inter-edge AFM order. Moreover, the magnetism arising from the edge states is highly sensitive to the terminating functionalized atoms. The H-termination suppresses the magnetization of the edges due to the formation of saturated bonds with the edge P atoms.
PACS: 75.70.Ak – Magnetic properties of monolayers and thin films / 71.15.Mb – Density functional theory, local density approximation, gradient and other corrections
© EPLA, 2020
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