Volume 130, Number 1, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||01 May 2020|
Conical diffraction from type-II Dirac point at metasurfaces
1 School of Physical Science and Technology & Collaborative Innovation Center of Suzhou Nano Science and Technology, Soochow University - Suzhou 215006, China
2 Department of Physics, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology - Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, Hong Kong 518000, China
3 Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Technologies of Ministry of Education & Key Lab of Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies of Jiangsu Province - Suzhou 215006, China
Received: 31 January 2020
Accepted: 16 April 2020
Type-II Dirac point degeneracy can be realized at two-dimensional metasurfaces, where a pair of tilted cones is formed in the dispersion relation whose equal-frequency contour at the degeneracy frequency presents an X-shaped cross in k-space. Consequently, two group velocities are obtained at the Dirac point, due to the peculiar shape of the spatial dispersion, and point to the different directions with the intersection angle dependent on the cone's geometry. Therefore, a conical-diffraction phenomenon takes place. We observe the conical diffraction through launching into the metasurface a Gaussian-like beam at the Dirac frequency and mapping the propagation of the wave field. Both experimental and simulating results demonstrate the conical diffraction at the type-II Dirac point.
PACS: 78.67.Pt – Multilayers; superlattices; photonic structures; metamaterials / 11.55.Fv – Dispersion relations / 42.25.Bs – Wave propagation, transmission and absorption
© EPLA, 2020
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