Volume 130, Number 2, April 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||28 May 2020|
Uncertainty relations in terms of the Gini index for finite quantum systems
Department of Computer Science, University of Bradford - Bradford BD7 1DP, UK
Received: 17 April 2020
Accepted: 15 May 2020
Lorenz values and the Gini index are popular quantities in Mathematical Economics, and are used here in the context of quantum systems with finite-dimensional Hilbert space. They quantify the uncertainty in the probability distribution related to an orthonormal basis. It is shown that Lorenz values are superadditive functions and the Gini indices are subadditive functions. The supremum over all density matrices of the sum of the two Gini indices with respect to position and momentum states is used to define an uncertainty coefficient which quantifies the uncertainty in the quantum system. It is shown that the uncertainty coefficient is positive, and an upper bound for it is given. Various examples demonstrate these ideas.
PACS: 03.65.Aa – Quantum systems with finite Hilbert space / 03.65.-w – Quantum mechanics / 03.65.Ca – Formalism
© EPLA, 2020
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