Volume 130, Number 5, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||26 June 2020|
Ultra-long-lived quasi-normal modes of neutron stars in massive scalar-tensor gravity
1 Institut für Physik, Universität Oldenburg - Postfach 2503, D-26111 Oldenburg, Germany
2 Spoken Language Systems Group, Saarland University, Saarland Informatics Campus D-66123 Saarbrücken, Germany
Received: 14 April 2020
Accepted: 29 May 2020
The spectrum of frequencies and characteristic times that compose the ringdown phase of gravitational waves emitted by neutron stars carries information about the matter content (the equation of state) and the underlying theory of gravity. Typically, modified theories of gravity introduce additional degrees of freedom/fields, such as scalars, which result in new families of modes composing the ringdown spectrum. Simple but physically promising candidates are scalar-tensor theories, which effectively introduce an additional massive scalar field (i.e., an ultra-light boson) that couples non-minimally to gravity, resulting in scalarized neutron stars. Here we present the first calculation of the full ringdown spectrum in such theories. We show that the ringdown spectrum of neutron stars with ultra-light bosons is much richer and fundamentally different from the spectrum in general relativity and that it possesses propagating ultra-long-lived modes.
PACS: 04.40.Dg – Relativistic stars: structure, stability, and oscillations / 04.50.Kd – Modified theories of gravity / 04.30.-w – Gravitational waves
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