Volume 130, Number 5, June 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||30 June 2020|
Structural feedback in the control of complex networks
1 School of Electrical and Automation Engineering, East China Jiaotong University Nanchang, Jiangxi 330013, China
2 Department of Physics and Center for Polymer Studies, Boston University - Boston, MA 02215, USA
3 Department of Modern Physics, University of Science and Technology of China - Hefei, Anhui 230026, China
4 Channing Division of Network Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School Boston, MA 02115, USA
Received: 14 February 2020
Accepted: 15 June 2020
Feedback is one of the most powerful influences in dynamical systems, performing a fundamental function in self-regulating processes. However, it is not known whether the underlying control of networked systems is associated with feedback. Here, we analyze structural feedback, defined by adding directed links from controlled nodes to driver nodes, to determine the control energy requirement of networked systems. We show that feedback systems with positive links require less energy than feedback systems with negative links, and the control energies of positive and negative perturbed feedback systems with the same amplitudes display a universal symmetry for regular graphs. Then, we describe an algorithm to construct a structural feedback system enabling the control of both synthetic and empirical networks. Our results improve the understanding of feedback in determining the control energy of dynamical systems, thus providing a potential way to devise new feedback control schemes.
PACS: 89.75.-k – Complex systems / 87.19.lr – Control theory and feedback
© EPLA, 2020
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