Volume 131, Number 2, July 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||25 August 2020|
Role of lattice trapping for sliding friction
1 PGI-1, FZ Jülich - Jülich, Germany
2 College of Science, Zhongyuan University of Technology - Zhengzhou 450007, China
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark - 2800 Lyngby, Denmark
5 Novo Nordisk Device R&D - 3400 Hillerϕd, Denmark
Received: 26 March 2020
Accepted: 17 July 2020
Using molecular dynamics we study the dependence of the friction force on the sliding speed when an elastic slab (block) is sliding on a rigid substrate with a surface height profile. The friction force is nearly velocity independent due to phonon emission at the closing and opening crack tips, where rapid atomic snap-in and -out events occur during sliding. The rapid events result from lattice trapping and are closely related to the velocity gap and hysteresis effects observed in model studies of crack propagation in solids. This indicates that the friction force is dominated by processes occurring at the edges of the contact area, which is confirmed by calculations showing that the friction force is independent of the normal force. The friction force increases drastically when the sliding velocity approaches the solid transverse sound velocity, as expected from the theory of cracks.
PACS: 46.55.+d – Tribology and mechanical contacts / 81.40.Pq – Friction, lubrication, and wear / 62.20.Qp – Friction, tribology, and hardness
© 2020 EPLA
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