Volume 131, Number 3, August 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||26 August 2020|
Exceptional points and dynamics of a non-Hermitian two-level system without 𝒫𝒯 symmetry
1 Center for Quantum Sciences and School of Physics, Northeast Normal University - Changchun 130024, China
2 Center for Advanced Optoelectronic Functional Materials Research, and Key Laboratory for UV Light- Emitting Materials and Technology of Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University - Changchun 130024, China
Received: 13 March 2020
Accepted: 21 July 2020
In this work, taking the most general non-Hermitian Hamiltonian without parity-time symmetry and with non-Hermitian off-diagonal elements into account, we study the exceptional points of the model system. We find that there exists an exceptional ellipse in theory, compared with the exceptional ring studied in non-Hermitian symmetry Hamiltonian, in which the parameters in the model Hamiltonian take particular values. We also report on the dynamics of the model Hamiltonian and symmetry Hamiltonian. We find that they display different dynamical behaviors under different parameters. Moreover, there exists an unstable behavior of the system. The unstable behavior has a surprising property by which the gain always dominates at long times no matter how small the gain is. This phenomenon enables the compensation for losses in dissipative systems and opens a wide range of applications in quantum optics, plasmonics, and optoelectronics, where the loss is inevitable but can be compensated by the gain.
PACS: 42.50.-p – Quantum optics / 03.65.Yz – Decoherence; open systems; quantum statistical methods / 42.50.Nn – Quantum optical phenomena in absorbing, amplifying, dispersive and conducting media; cooperative phenomena in quantum optical systems
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