Volume 131, Number 4, August 2020
|Number of page(s)
|01 September 2020
Event-by-event fluctuations of maximum particle density with respect to the width of the pseudo-rapidity interval at a few A GeV/c
Department of Physics, New Alipore College, L Block - New Alipore, Kolkata 700053, India
Received: 26 May 2020
Accepted: 3 August 2020
A detailed study of event-by-event fluctuations of maximum particle density of the produced particles with respect to the width of the pseudo-rapidity interval in terms of the scaled variance ω has been carried out for 16O-AgBr, 28Si-AgBr and 32S-AgBr interactions at 4.5 A GeV/c. For all the interactions the values of scaled variance are found to be greater than one indicating the presence of strong event-by-event fluctuations of maximum particle density values in the multiparticle production process. The event-by-event fluctuations are found to decrease with the increase of the width of the pseudo-rapidity interval. Experimental analysis has been compared with the results obtained from the analysis of events simulated by generating random numbers (MC-RAND) and the Ultra-Relativistic Quantum Molecular Dynamics (UrQMD) model. MC-RAND events show significantly less event-by-event fluctuations in comparison to the experimental data. The UrQMD model also failed to reproduce the experimental results. Comparison of our analysis with the outcome of other analysed emulsion data has also been presented.
PACS: 25.75.-q – Relativistic heavy-ion collisions / 25.75.Ag – Global features in relativistic heavy ion collisions / 25.75.Gz – Particle correlations and fluctuations
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