Volume 131, Number 6, September 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||02 November 2020|
Nonequilibrium information erasure below kTln2
1 Institute for Theoretical Physics I, University of Stuttgart - D-70550 Stuttgart, Germany
2 Department of Physics, Friedrich- Alexander- Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg - D-91058 Erlangen, Germany
3 Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology (VCQ), Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna A-1090 Vienna, Austria
Received: 16 June 2020
Accepted: 7 September 2020
Landauer's principle states that information erasure requires heat dissipation. While Landauer's original result focused on equilibrium memories, we here investigate the reset of information stored in a nonequilibrium state of a symmetric two-state memory. We derive a nonequilibrium generalization of the erasure principle and demonstrate that the corresponding bounds on heat and work may be reduced to zero. We further introduce reset protocols that harness energy and entropy of the initial preparation and so allow to reach these nonequilibrium bounds. We finally provide numerical simulations with realistic parameters of an optically levitated nanosphere memory that support these findings. Our results indicate that local dissipation-free information reset is possible away from equilibrium.
PACS: 05.70.Ln – Nonequilibrium and irreversible thermodynamics / 42.50.Wk – Mechanical effects of light on material media, microstructures and particles
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