Volume 132, Number 4, November 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||04 January 2021|
Out-of-time-order correlation and detection of phase structure in Floquet transverse Ising spin system
1 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology (Banaras Hindu University) - Varanasi, 221005, India
Received: 22 July 2020
Accepted: 2 November 2020
We study the out-of-time-order correlation (OTOC) of the Floquet transverse Ising model and use it to verify the phase diagram of the system. First, we present the exact analytical solution of the transverse magnetization OTOC using the Jorden-Wigner transformation. We calculate the speed of correlation propagation and analyze the behavior of the revival time with the separation between the observables. In order to get the phase structure of the Floquet transverse Ising system, we use the longitudinal magnetization OTOC as it is known to serve as an order parameter of the system. We show the phase structure numerically in the transverse Ising Floquet system by using the long time average of the longitudinal magnetization OTOC. In both the open and the closed chain systems, we find distinct phases out of which two are paramagnetic (0-paramagnetic and π-paramagnetic), and two are ferromagnetic (0-ferromagnetic and π-ferromagnetic) as defined in the literature.
PACS: 75.10.Pq – Spin chain models / 05.30.Rt – Quantum phase transitions / 75.10.Hk – Classical spin models
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