Volume 132, Number 6, December 2020
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||02 March 2021|
Hidden geometry and dynamics of complex networks: Spin reversal in nanoassemblies with pairwise and triangle-based interactions(a)
1 Department of Theoretical Physics, Jozef Stefan Institute - Ljubljana, Slovenia
2 Complexity Science Hub Vienna - Josephstadter Strasse 39, Vienna, Austria
3 Indian Institute of Technology Madras - Chennai, India
Received: 23 October 2020
Accepted: 19 January 2021
Recent studies of networks representing complex systems from the brain to social graphs have revealed their higher-order architecture, which can be described by aggregates of simplexes (triangles, tetrahedrons, and higher cliques). Current research aims at quantifying these hidden geometries by the algebraic topology methods and deep graph theory and understanding the dynamic processes on simplicial complexes. Here, we use the recently introduced model for geometrical self-assembly of cliques to grow nano-networks of triangles and study the field-driven spin reversal processes on them. With the antiferromagnetic interactions between the Ising spins attached to the nodes, this assembly ideally supports the geometric frustration, which is recognized as the origin of some new phenomena in condensed matter physics. In the dynamical model, a gradual switching from the pairwise to triangle-based interactions is controlled by a parameter. Thus, the spin frustration effects on each triangle give way to the mesoscopic ordering conditioned by a complex arrangement of triangles. We show how the balance between these interactions changes the shape of the hysteresis loop. Meanwhile, the fluctuations in the accompanying Barkhausen noise exhibit robust indicators of self-organized criticality, which is induced by the network geometry alone without any magnetic disorder.
PACS: 05.65.+b – Self-organized systems / 75.10.-b – General theory and models of magnetic ordering / 02.40.Tt – Complex manifolds
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