Volume 133, Number 5, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||06 April 2021|
Exploring ultra-fast proton dynamics in water under a static electric field
1 Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Dipartimento di Scienze - Via della Vasca Navale 84, 00146 Roma, Italy
2 Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Fisica Applicata “N. Carrara” - 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy
3 Università degli Studi di Roma Tor Vergata, Dipartimento di Fisica - Via della Ricerca Scientifica 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
4 ISIS Facility, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory - Chilton, Didcot, Oxfordshire OX11 OQX UK
5 ENEA, Dept. Fusion and Technologies for Nuclear Safety and Security - Via E. Fermi 45, 00044, Frascati (RM) Italy
Received: 3 August 2020
Accepted: 31 January 2021
We present an experimental investigation of the single-particle dynamics of hydrogen in liquid water and ice subject to static electric field using deep inelastic neutron scattering. The nuclear mean kinetic energy, , of hydrogen in liquid water at room temperature does not show sensible changes when an electric field of magnitude is turned on. On the contrary, the value of in ice at 263 K and subject to the same electric field is found to be substantially lower than the reference value for ice Ih at the similar temperature of 271 K and without electric field. This is true both if the electric field is kept on or not while the sample cools from 300 K to 263 K. Concurrent diffraction measurements performed on ice subjected to an electric field show no sizeable structural changes with respect to the expected powder-averaged ice-Ih diffraction pattern.
PACS: 78.70.Nx – Neutron inelastic scattering / 29.30.Hs – Neutron spectroscopy / 61.05.F- – Neutron diffraction and scattering
© 2021 EPLA
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