Volume 133, Number 6, March 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||13 May 2021|
Breakdown in interdependent directed networks under targeted attacks
Key Laboratory of Image Information Processing and Intelligent Control of Education Ministry of China, Institute of Artificial Intelligence, School of Artificial Intelligence and Automation, Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Wuhan 430074, China
Received: 2 January 2021
Accepted: 16 March 2021
Cascading failures take place between networks after initial failures occur in interdependent networks. Most previous studies are limited to undirected networks, while many real-world networks are directed. For interdependent directed networks, earlier studies focused on random initial failures. How the interdependent directed networks respond to targeted attacks has not been addressed. In this work, we develop a general theoretical framework for analyzing the robustness in interdependent directed networks under targeted attack on nodes with high or low degrees (in-degrees or out-degrees). We find that for degree heterogeneous networks, targeted attacks perform more efficiently in breaking down the system than random failures, with the degree-based attacks being the most efficient way. Interestingly, we find that system robustness first increases then decreases as the degree heterogeneity increases, showing a peak, which helps understand system robustness and enables the better design of robust infrastructure systems.
PACS: 89.75.Hc – Networks and genealogical trees / 89.75.Fb – Structures and organization in complex systems / 64.60.ah – Percolation
© 2021 EPLA
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