Volume 134, Number 4, June 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||27 July 2021|
NCT-WES: A new single moderator directional neutron spectrometer for neutron capture therapy. Experimental validation
1 INFN, Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati - via Enrico Fermi 40, 00044, Frascati, Italy
2 Università degli Studi di Torino - via P. Giuria 1, 10125, Torino, Italy
3 INFN, Sezione di Torino - via P. Giuria 1, 10125, Torino, Italy
4 Departamento de Investigación en Polímeros y Materiales, División de Ingeniería, Universidad de Sonora Hermosillo, Mexico
5 Politecnico di Milano, Dipartimento di Energia - via La Masa 34, 20156 Milano. Italy
6 ENEA C.R. Frascati, Department of Fusion and Nuclear Safety and Security - via Enrico Fermi 45, 00044, Frascati (Roma), Italy
7 Università degli Studi di Pavia - via Bassi, 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy
8 INFN, Sezione di Pavia - via Bassi, 6, 27100 Pavia, Italy
Received: 18 December 2020
Accepted: 3 May 2021
A directional neutron spectrometer called NCT-WES (Neutron Capture Therapy Wide Energy Spectrometer), conceived as a spectrometric beam monitor in neutron capture therapy, was designed and prototyped. As other types of single moderator neutron spectrometers, NCT-WES condenses the functionality of Bonner Spheres in a single moderator embedding multiple thermal neutron detectors in previously optimized positions. NCT-WES is a polyethylene cylinder with 36 cm diameter and 41.5 cm height. To achieve a sharply directional response, the sensitive part is shielded with a thick barrier made of polyethylene and borated rubber, except in the direction identified by the collimating aperture. The size, geometry, materials and detector locations were previously optimized to emphasise the spectrometric capability in the epithermal range. TNPD-type thermal neutron detectors, consisting of 1 cm2 silicon p-i-n diodes covered with 6LiF are used as internal thermal neutron detectors. The simulation model of NCT-WES was experimentally verified by exposing the prototype in the reference neutron field of 241Am-Be available at the Politecnico di Milano. The count rate in the NCT-WES internal detectors, as calculated from the simulation model, coincided with the experimental ones within about 2%, confirming the high degree of accuracy of the NCT-WES simulation model. Aspects related to the future use of NCT-WES in therapeutic neutron beams are finally discussed.
© 2021 EPLA
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.