Volume 135, Number 1, July 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Published online||03 September 2021|
Stellar age dependence of the nonextensive magnetic braking index: A test for the open cluster αPer
Departamento de Física, Universidade Federal do Ceará - Caixa Postal 6030, Campus do Pici, 60455-900 Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil
Received: 18 April 2021
Accepted: 23 June 2021
Using a generalized function of the stellar spin-down law, we investigate the age dependence of the magnetic braking index (q). Our survey includes 9 open clusters aged lower than 1 Gyr and ranged in mass from 0.7 to 1.1. Our aim is to verify the time behaviour of the nonextensive braking index q which brings the cumulative distribution of the rotational velocities of the stars of the youngest cluster taken at the future age of an older cluster. As a result, the q-index is calculated over time , where t is the age of older open cluster used to estimate the future cumulative distribution of the rotational velocity of the cluster with present-day age . We find that the values of q are slightly constant around 1.36 and 1.38 according to the mass bin. In conclusion, the results seem to indicate that the mechanism that controls the rotational decay of stars in open clusters does not depend on the increment of time.
© 2021 EPLA
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