Volume 135, Number 2, July 2021
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||20 September 2021|
A plasmonic refractive index sensor with double self-reference characteristic
1 School of Science, Lanzhou University of Technology - Lanzhou 730050, China
2 College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University - Lanzhou 730070, China
3 Joint Laboratory for Extreme Conditions Matter Properties, Southwest University of Science and Technology Mianyang 621010, China
Received: 7 December 2020
Accepted: 17 May 2021
A plasmonic refractive index (RI) sensor with self-reference performance based on one-dimensional (1D) rectangular grating coupling is proposed. The TM polarization reflection characteristics and the electric field distributions are extracted via using the finite-difference time-domain method. Numerical simulation results and theoretical analyses show that 1D rectangular grating can excite multiple propagating surface plasmon resonances with gold thin film as a carrier. One of the resonance modes shows considerable performance in RI sensing due to its wide interaction with the analyte environment, which can achieve a high RI sensitivity of 1001 nm /RIU and the figure of merit of 203.4 RIU. More importantly, two resonance modes independent of the analytes can be used for self-references to counteract sensing errors caused by external instability factors such as temperature and light intensity fluctuations. This sensor can realize important practical sensing applications in the situation of unstable and complicated environments.
© 2021 EPLA
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