Volume 135, Number 3, August 2021
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||18 October 2021|
Active adsorption performance of planetary ball milled Saudi Arabian bentonite clay for the removal of copper ions from aqueous solution
1 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Jazan University - P.O. Box 706, Jazan 45142, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, College of Applied and Industrial Sciences, University of Bahri - Bahri, Sudan
3 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hadhramout University - Hadhramout, Yemen
4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Elimam Elmahadi - Kosti, Sudan
Received: 21 March 2021
Accepted: 30 July 2021
We report the role of local bentonite clay in the removal of Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution. The fine bentonite clay powder was analysed by XRD, FTIR, SEM and DLS analysis techniques. Further, the adsorption experiments were carried out by varying many factors such as weight and size of bentonite clay, residence time, pH of the solution, stirring rate, temperature, and flow rate. The optimum conditions for effective removal of Cu2+ ions was 1 g dose of bentonite and 63 μm size of bentonite, 50 minutes of residence time and 50 °C temperature at pH 3 with a flow rate of 1 L/min. The data fitted well the Freundlich model and a maximum adsorption capacity of 61.72 mg/g has been obtained. The value of Gibbs free energy changes (), enthalpy changes () and entropy changes (S°) were found to be , and , respectively.
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