Volume 135, Number 6, September 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||09 November 2021|
Universal Rényi entanglement entropy of quasiparticle excitations
1 Center for Joint Quantum Studies and Department of Physics, School of Science, Tianjin University 135 Yaguan Road, Tianjin 300350, China
2 SISSA and INFN - Via Bonomea 265, 34136 Trieste, Italy
3 Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal Fluminense - Av. Gal. Milton Tavares de Souza s/n, Gragoatá, 24210-346, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
Received: 28 March 2021
Accepted: 9 July 2021
The Rényi entanglement entropies of quasiparticle excitations in the many-body gapped systems show a remarkable universal picture which is independent of the model, the quasiparticle momenta, and the connectedness of the subsystem. In this letter we calculate exactly the single-interval and double-interval Rényi entanglement entropies of quasiparticle excitations in the many-body gapped fermions, bosons, and XY chains and find additional contributions to the universal Rényi entanglement entropy in the excited states with quasiparticles of different momenta. The additional terms are different in different models, depend on the momentum differences of the quasiparticles, and are different for the single interval and the double interval. We derive the analytical Rényi entanglement entropy in the extremely gapped limit, matching perfectly the numerical results as long as either the intrinsic correlation length of the model or all the de Broglie wavelengths of the quasiparticles are small. When the momentum difference of any pair of distinct quasiparticles is small, the additional terms are non-negligible. We argue that the derived formulas can be applied to a wider range of models than those discussed here.
© 2021 EPLA
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