Volume 136, Number 1, October 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||07 January 2022|
Driven-dissipative Ising model: Dynamical crossover at weak dissipation
Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University - East Lansing, MI 48824, USA and Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California - Santa Barbara, CA 93106, USA
Received: 2 July 2021
Accepted: 27 October 2021
Driven quantum systems coupled to an environment typically exhibit effectively thermal behavior with relaxational dynamics near criticality. However, a different qualitative behavior might be expected in the weakly dissipative limit due to the competition between coherent dynamics and weak dissipation. In this work, we investigate a driven-dissipative infinite-range Ising model in the presence of individual atomic dissipation, a model that emerges from the paradigmatic open Dicke model in the large-detuning limit. We show that the system undergoes a dynamical crossover from relaxational dynamics, with a characteristic dynamical exponent , to underdamped critical dynamics governed by the exponent in the weakly dissipative regime; a behavior that is markedly distinct from that of equilibrium. Finally, utilizing an exact diagrammatic representation, we demonstrate that the dynamical crossover to underdamped criticality is not an artifact of the mean-field nature of the model and persists even in the presence of short-range perturbations.
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