Volume 136, Number 3, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||28 February 2022|
Controlled transitions between phyllotactic states of repulsive particles confined on the surface of a cylinder
School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham - Birmingham, B15, 2TT UK
Received: 19 July 2021
Accepted: 23 December 2021
Phyllotaxis is a botanical classification scheme that can describe regular lattice-like structures on cylinders, often as a set of helical chains. In this letter, we study the general properties of repulsive particles on cylindrical geometries and demonstrate that this leads to a model which allows one to predict the minimum energy configuration for any given combination of system parameters. We are able to predict a sequence of transitions between phyllotactic ground states at zero temperature. Our results are understood in terms of a newly identified global scale invariant, α, dependent on circumference and density, which alone determines the ground-state structure. This representation provides a framework within which to understand and create lattice structures on more complex curved surfaces, which occur in both biological and nanoscale experimental settings.
© 2022 The author(s)
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