Volume 136, Number 4, November 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Interdisciplinary Physics and Related Areas of Science and Technology|
|Published online||03 March 2022|
Roles of GARCH and ARCH effects on the stability in stock market crash
1 School of Finance, Yunnan University of Finance and Economics - Kunming, 650221, PRC
2 School of Economics and Management, Changchun University of Technology - Changchun, 130012, PRC
3 Institute of Chinese Financial Studies of SWUFE, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics Chengdu, 610074, PRC
Received: 16 June 2021
Accepted: 21 December 2021
We theoretically stochastically simulate and empirically analyze the escape process of stock market price non-equilibrium dynamics under the influence of GARCH and ARCH effects, and explore the impact of ARCH and GARCH effects on stock market stability. Based on the nonlinear GARCH model of econophysics, and combined with GARCH and ARCH effects of volatility, we propose a delay stochastic monostable potential model. We use the mean escape time, or mean hitting time, as an indicator for measuring price stability, as first introduced in Valenti D. et al., Phys. Rev. E, 97 (2018) 062307. Based on the comparative analysis of actual Chinese A-share data, the theoretical and empirical findings of this paper are as follows: 1) The theoretical simulation results and actual data are consistent. 2) There exist optimal GARCH and ARCH effects maximally enhancing stock market stability.
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