Volume 136, Number 5, December 2021
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geophysics, Astronomy and Astrophysics|
|Published online||04 March 2022|
Maximum baryon masses for static neutron stars in f(R) gravity
1 Institute of Physics, Mathematics and IT, I. Kant Baltic Federal University - Kaliningrad, 236041 Russia
2 Dipartimento di Fisica, “E. Pancini” Università “Federico II” di Napoli, Compl. Univ. Monte S. Angelo, Ed. G - Via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy
3 INFN Sez. di Napoli, Compl. Univ. Monte S. Angelo, Ed. G - Via Cinthia, I-80126 Napoli, Italy
4 Scuola Superiore Meridionale - Largo S. Marcellino 10, I-80138 Napoli, Italy
5 ICREA - Passeig Luis Companys, 23, 08010 Barcelona, Spain
6 Institute of Space Sciences (IEEC- CSIC) - C. Can Magrans s/n, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
7 Department of Physics, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki - Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
8 Laboratory for Theoretical Cosmology, Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics (TUSUR) - 634050 Tomsk, Russia
Received: 3 November 2021
Accepted: 25 November 2021
We investigate the upper mass limit predictions of the baryonic mass for static neutron stars in the context of f(R) gravity. We use the most popular f(R) gravity model, namely the R2 gravity, and calculate the maximum baryon mass of static neutron stars adopting several realistic equations of state and one ideal equation of state, namely that of causal limit. Our motivation is based on the fact that neutron stars with baryon masses larger than the maximum mass for static neutron star configurations inevitably collapse to black holes. Thus with our analysis, we want further to enlighten the predictions for the maximum baryon masses of static neutron stars in R2 gravity, which, in turn, further strengthens our understanding of the mysterious mass gap region. As we show, the baryon masses of most of the equations of states studied in this paper lie in the lower limits of the mass gap region –, but intriguingly enough, the highest value of the maximum baryon masses we found is of the order of . This upper mass limit also appears as a maximum static neutron star gravitational mass limit in other contexts. Combining the two results which refer to baryon and gravitational masses, we point out that the gravitational mass of static neutron stars cannot be larger than three solar masses, while based on maximum baryon masses results of the present work, we can conspicuously state that it is highly likely the lower mass limits of astrophysical black holes in the range of –. This, in turn, implies that maximum neutron star masses in the context of R2 gravity are likely to be in the lower limits of the range of –. Hence our work further supports the General Relativity claim that neutron stars cannot have gravitational masses larger than and then, to explain observations comparable or over this limit, we need alternative extensions of General Relativity, other than f(R) gravity.
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