Volume 138, Number 5, June 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Published online||08 June 2022|
Chaotic advection and particle pairs diffusion in a low-dimensional truncation of two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamics
1 CNR, Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, C/o University of Calabria - 87036 Rende, Italy
2 National Institute for Astrophysics, Astrophysical Observatory of Torino - Via Osservatorio 20, 10025 Pino Torinese, Italy
3 Center for Space Plasma and Aeronomic Research (CSPAR), University of Alabama in Huntsville Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
4 Department of Space Science, University of Alabama in Huntsville - Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
5 Swedish Institute of Space Physics, Ångström Laboratory - Lägerhyddsvägen 1, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
6 CNR, Istituto per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Plasmi - Via Amendola 122/D, 70126 Bari, Italy
Received: 10 January 2022
Accepted: 23 May 2022
The chaotic advection of fluid particle pairs is investigated though a low-order model of two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD), where only five nonlinearly interacting modes are retained. The model is inthrinsically inhomogeneous and anisotropic because of the influence of large-scale fluctuations. Therefore, even though dynamically chaotic, the fields are unable to form the typical scaling laws of fully developed turbulence. Results show that a super-ballistic dynamics, reminiscent of the Richardson law of particle-pairs diffusion in turbulent flows, is robustly obtained using the truncated model. Indeed, even in the strongly reduced truncation presented here, particle diffusion in MHD turbulence has the same laws as the separation of velocity of particle pairs. The inherent anisotropy only affects the scaling of diffusivity, by enhancing the diffusion properties along one direction for small time-scales. Finally, when further anisotropy is introduced in the system through Alfvén waves, fluid particles are trapped by these, and super-ballistic diffusion is replaced by Brownian-like diffusion. On the other hand, when the magnetic field is removed, the kinetic counterpart of the model does not show super-ballistic dynamics.
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