Volume 139, Number 2, July 2022
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Biological and soft matter physics|
|Published online||20 July 2022|
Future directions for active matter on ordered substrates
1 Theoretical Division and Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos, NM 87545, USA
2 Mathematics and Computer Science Department, Babeş-Bolyai University - Cluj-Napoca 400084, Romania
(a) firstname.lastname@example.org (corresponding author)
Received: 25 March 2022
Accepted: 27 June 2022
Active matter is a term encompassing particle-based assemblies with some form of self-propulsion, including certain biological systems as well as synthetic systems such as artificial colloidal swimmers, all of which can exhibit a remarkable variety of new kinds of nonequilibrium phenomena. A wealth of non-active condensed matter systems can be described in terms of a collection of particles coupled to periodic substrates, leading to the emergence of commensurate-incommensurate effects, Mott phases, tribology effects, and pattern formation. It is natural to ask how such phases are modified when the system is active. Here we provide an overview and future directions for studying individual and collectively interacting active matter particles coupled to periodic substrates, where new types of commensuration effects, directional locking, and active phases can occur. Further directions for exploration include directional locking effects, the realization of active solitons or active defects in incommensurate phases, active Mott phases, active artificial spin ice, active doping transitions, active floating phases, active surface physics, active matter time crystals, and active tribology.
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