Volume 141, Number 5, March 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Atomic, molecular and optical physics
|08 March 2023
Interaction of chiral solitons in a Bose-Einstein Condensate under density-dependent gauge potential
College of Physics and Electronics Engineering, Northwest Normal University - Lanzhou 730070, China
(a) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (corresponding author)
Received: 2 October 2022
Accepted: 27 February 2023
The collision between two chiral solitons in a Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) under density-dependent gauge potential is studied. By means of Poincaré-Lighthill-Kuo (PLK) perturbation method, the different kinds of colliding chiral soliton pairs self-consistently excited upon the background of the system are obtained analytically. The coupling of the current nonlinearity induced by the gauge potential and mean-field atomic interaction results in rich collision dynamics of chiral soliton pairs. When the atomic interaction is repulsive, head-on collisions of dark-dark and dark-bright solitons are observed. However, when the atomic interaction is attractive, unidirectional chiral dark soliton pairs are excited, and overtaking collision between two chiral dark solitons takes place. The phase shifts following the collision of soliton pairs are derived analytically and confirmed numerically. Interestingly, due to the contribution of the density-dependent gauge potential, the phase shifts of the two interacting chiral solitons are different from each other. This is distinct from the case without the density-dependent gauge potential, where the phase shifts of the two colliding ordinary solitons are the same. Thus, phase shifts of interacting chiral soliton pairs can be used to identify the chiral properties of solitons in BEC under density-dependent gauge potential. Furthermore, both elastic and inelastic collisions of chiral solitons in the system are presented numerically. The phase diagram for occurrence of elastic and inelastic collisions of chiral soliton is obtained, which strongly depends on the strength of density-dependent gauge potential.
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