Volume 141, Number 6, March 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Condensed matter and materials physics
|15 March 2023
Structure and magnetism of rhodium particles as a size effect
1 Department of Physics, Beijing Engineering Research Center of Detection and Application for Weak Magnetic Field, University of Science and Technology Beijing - Beijing 100083, China
2 School of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University - Beijing 100084, China
(a) E-mail: email@example.com (corresponding author)
Received: 27 August 2022
Accepted: 22 February 2023
The magnetic properties of Rh clusters with face-centered-cubic (FCC) and hexagonal-closed-packed (HCP) structures were studied by first-principles calculations. The results show that both the structure and magnetic properties have size effects. Bulk Rh exists as a FCC structure. However, as the size of Rh particles shrinks, the FCC and HCP structures have comparable energies, consistent with the coexistence of the two structures experimentally observed previously. Although the bulk Rh is nonmagnetic, the nanoparticles or clusters of Rh in both the FCC and HCP structures are magnetic. The average magnetic moment gradually increases as the clusters shrink. The origin of the magnetism of Rh clusters can be attributed to the reduction of coordination number, other than the lattice expansion. The findings provide insights for understanding the magnetic properties of noble metal clusters.
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