Volume 142, Number 1, April 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Gravitation, cosmology and astrophysics
|23 March 2023
Geometric phase acquired by the two-level atom with different trajectories in cosmic string scalar field
1 Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory of Intelligent Sensors and Advanced Sensor Materials, School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University of Science and Technology - Xiangtan 411201, China
2 Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education, and Synergetic Innovation Center for Quantum Effects and Applications, Hunan Normal University Changsha, Hunan 410081, China
(a) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (corresponding author)
Received: 22 November 2022
Accepted: 8 March 2023
We consider the geometric phase induced by the two-level atom with inertial and uniformly accelerated motion, which is coupled to massless scalar field in cosmic string spacetime. Our result shows that when the atom is very close to the string, the geometric phase of cosmic string spacetime is ν times that of Minkowski spacetime. By comparing phase difference induced by the inertial and accelerated motion, we find the sensitive dependence of the phase difference on deficit angle parameter, transition frequencies of the atom, atomic acceleration and the initial state parameter. We also obtain phase difference increases with deficit angle parameter and the atomic acceleration. Although reaching the measurable magnitude of geometric phase requires extremely high acceleration, the detection experiment may be implemented in the future. Our work may suggest a possible way to detect cosmic string scalar field by using geometric phase.
© 2023 EPLA
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