Volume 142, Number 2, April 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Mathematical and interdisciplinary physics
|11 April 2023
Significance of classically forbidden regions for short baseline neutrino experiments
Center for the Studies of the Glass Bead Game - 220 Normanby Road, Notting Hill, Victoria 3168, Australia
Received: 5 March 2023
Accepted: 29 March 2023
Classically forbidden regions (CFRs) are common to both non-relativistic quantum mechanics, and to relativistic quantum field theory. It is known since 2001 that CFR contributes roughly sixteen percent of energy to the ground state of a simple harmonic oscillator (Adunas G. Z. et al., Gen. Relativ. Gravit., 33 (2001) 183). Similarly, quantum field theoretic arguments yield a non-zero amplitude for a massive particle to cross the light cone (that is, into the CFR). The signs of these amplitudes are opposite for fermions and antifermions. This has given rise to an erroneous conclusion that amplitude to cross the light cone is identically zero. This is true as long as a measurement does not reveal the considered object to be a particle or antiparticle. However, neutrino oscillation experiments do measure a neutrino ν, or an antineutrino . Here we show that in the context of neutrino oscillations these observations have the potential to resolve various short baseline anomalies for a sufficiently light lowest mass eigenstate. In addition, we make a concrete prediction for the upcoming results to be announced later this year by JSNS2.
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