Volume 142, Number 5, June 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Nuclear and plasma physics, particles and fields
|06 June 2023
Lorentz violation emergence in a superconductivity phase transition scenario
Instituto de Física, Universidade Federal Fluminese - Av. Litorânea s/n, 24210-346, Niterói, RJ, Brazil
(a) E-mail: email@example.com (corresponding author)
Received: 24 January 2023
Accepted: 25 May 2023
In this letter, we use a condensation of topological defects mechanism to show how a Lorentz-violating (LV) term can emerge. The approach used here was originally developed to describe phase transitions due to a vortice proliferation in systems such as superconductors. First, as a consequence of our approach, we obtain a Podolsky-like LV term as a result of this work. Second, a condensation of topological defects in the theory restores the original Lorentz symmetric phase of the theory. The approach presented here can be seen as an early description of a mechanism to describe a phase transition between a Lorentz symmetric phase and a non-symmetric one. Besides the usage of this mechanism to show how LV terms can emerge, we also show how to extend the condensation mechanism to scalar theories. The condensation mechanism was originally designed for gauge theories. As a result, our scalar extension recovers the Ginzburg-Landau (GL) description of both regular and non-local superconductors. The GL description, in our approach, arises as a consequence of the condensation of topological defects.
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