Volume 143, Number 1, July 2023
|Number of page(s)
|Biological and soft matter physics
|28 June 2023
Spontaneous velocity alignment of Brownian particles with feedback-induced propulsion(a)
Technische Universität Berlin, Institut für Theoretische Physik - Hardenbergstr. 36, 10623 Berlin, Germany
(b) E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org (corresponding author)
Received: 27 January 2023
Accepted: 16 June 2023
Based on Brownian dynamics simulations we study the collective behavior of a two-dimensional system of repulsively interacting colloidal particles, where each particle is propelled by a repulsive feedback force with time delay τ. Although the pair interactions are purely isotropic we observe a spontaneous, large-scale alignment of the velocity vectors. This phenomenon persists for long times and occurs in the absence of steady-state clustering. We explain our observations by a combination of the effect of steric interactions yielding local velocity ordering, and the effect of time delay, that generates cluster dissolution, velocity persistence and velocity alignment over large distances. Overall, the behavior reveals intriguing similarities, but also differences, with that observed in models of active matter, such as active Brownian particles and the Vicsek model.
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