“Manipulation" of molecular orientation in ultrathin organic films: NTCDA on Ag(111)
Experimentelle Physik II, Universität Würzburg, Am
Hubland, D-97074 Würzburg, Germany
Accepted: 25 November 1997
The bonding of 1,4,5,8-naphthalene-tetracarboxylicacid-dianhydride (NTCDA) on Ag(111) and its molecular orientation were investigated by X-ray photoelectron (XPS) and near edge X-ray absorption fine-structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS). Vapour-deposited NTCDA films show high orientational order in the mono- and multi-layer regime. In the monolayer regime the molecules are strongly bound to the substrate via the conjugated π-system of the naphthalene core which leads to a parallel orientation of the molecular plane to the Ag(111) substrate. For thicker films (e.g., 150 Å) the molecular orientation strongly depends on the substrate temperature during preparation. Film preparation at 285 K results in upright standing molecules, whereas low substrate temperatures yield a uniform molecular orientation with the molecular plane parallel to the substrate. This behaviour is explained by the weak intermolecular interaction and the adsorption kinetics.
PACS: 78.70.Dm – X-ray absorption spectra / 79.60.Fr – Polymers; organic compounds / 68.55.-a – Thin film structure and morphology
© EDP Sciences, 1998