Quantum rectifiers from harmonic mixing
Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg, Memminger Str. 6, D-86135 Augsburg, Germany
Accepted: 13 July 1998
We investigate dissipative quantum transport in extended periodic systems that are subjected to electric harmonic mixing fields . Although such a drive possesses no net bias on average, the interplay of quantum dissipation and nonlinear response causes a finite directed current. We thus discover the paradigm of a dissipative quantum rectifier. The quantum current exhibits multiple reversals when driven in the nonadiabatic regime. As a function of temperature the quantum current displays a bell-shaped characteristic – constituting the benchmark for quantum stochastic resonance. Moreover, harmonic mixing also serves as a novel tool to selectively control quantum diffusion.
PACS: 05.30.-d – Quantum statistical mechanics / 72.20.Ht – High-field and nonlinear effects
© EDP Sciences, 1998