Ion phase space vortices in 3 spatial dimensions
University of Oslo, Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics -
Box 1029 Blindern N-0315 Oslo, Norway
2 University of Oslo, Physics Department - Box 1048 Blindern N-0316 Oslo, Norway
Accepted: 5 February 2001
The formation and propagation of isolated ion phase space vortices are observed in a 3-dimensional numerical simulation. The code allows for an externally applied constant magnetic field. The electrons are assumed to be isothermal and Boltzmann distributed at all times, implying that Poisson's equation becomes nonlinear for the present problem. Ion phase space vortices are formed by the nonlinear saturation of the ion-ion two-stream instability, excited by injecting an ion beam or short ion-bursts at the boundary. We consider the effects of finite beam diameters and the intensity of an externally imposed magnetic field.
PACS: 52.35.Fp – Electrostatic waves and oscillations (e.g., ion-acoustic waves) / 52.35.Sb – Solitons; BGK modes / 52.65.Rr – Particle-in-cell method
© EDP Sciences, 2001