Europhys. Lett.
Volume 61, Number 5, March 2003
Page(s) 681 - 687
Section Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties
Published online 01 February 2003
DOI: 10.1209/epl/i2003-00130-3
Europhys. Lett., 61 (5) , pp. 681-687 (2003)

STM studies of the surface structure in cleaved $\chem{Bi_2Sr_2CuO}$ $_{6+\delta}$ single crystals

L. Shan1, 2, A. Ejov2, A. Volodin2, V. V. Moshchalkov2, H. H. Wen1 and C. T. Lin3

1  National Laboratory for Superconductivity, Institute of Physics and Center for Condensed Matter Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences P.O. Box 603, Beijing 100080, PRC
2  Laboratorium voor Vaste-Stoffysica en Magnetisme, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven Celestijnenlaan 200 D, B-3001 Leuven, Belgium
3  Max-Planck-Institut für Festkorperforschung Heisenbergstrasse 1, D-70569 Stuttgart, Germany

(Received 11 October 2002; accepted 13 December 2002)

Low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) was used to study the $\chem{Bi}$- $\chem{O}$ plane of $\chem{Bi_2Sr_2CuO}$ $_{6+\delta}$ ( $\chem{Bi}$-2201) single crystals cleaved in situ. The atomic-resolution STM images clearly show a commensurate modulated lattice structure. In contrast to the previous STM data obtained at room temperature, the "missing atom rows" have been clearly seen at the ridges of the modulation. By comparing the low-temperature STM images of $\chem{Bi}$-2201 and $\chem{Bi}$-2212, we found that the modulation of the $\chem{Bi}$- $\chem{O}$ plane in these two materials originates from the "missing atom rows". The atomic steps at the surface have also been investigated at room temperature confirming that most easily exposed atomic layers in $\chem{Bi}$-2201 are $\chem{Bi}$- $\chem{O}$ and $\chem{Sr}$- $\chem{O}$ planes, as in $\chem{Bi}$-2212.

74.72.Hs - $\chem{Bi}$-based cuprates.
74.50.+r - Proximity effects, weak links, tunneling phenomena, and Josephson effects.
74.62.Bf - Effects of material synthesis, crystal structure, and chemical composition.

© EDP Sciences 2003