Shot noise of spin current in ferromagnet-normal-metal systemsM. Zareyan1, 2 and W. Belzig3
1 Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences - 45195-1159, Zanjan, Iran
2 Max-Planck-Institut für Physik komplexer Systeme Nöthnitzer Str. 38, 01187 Dresden, Germany
3 Departement für Physik und Astronomie - Klingelbergstr. 82, 4056 Basel, Switzerland
received 28 February 2005; accepted in final form 18 April 2005
published online 11 May 2005
We propose a three-terminal spin-valve setup, to determine experimentally the spin-dependent shot noise, which carries information on the spin-relaxation processes. Based on a spin-dependent Boltzmann-Langevin approach, we show that the spin Fano factor, defined as the spin shot noise to the mean charge current, strongly depends on the spin-flip scattering rate in the normal wire. While in the parallel configuration the spin Fano factor always decreases below its unpolarized value with increasing spin injection, for the antiparallel case it varies nonmonotonically. We also show that in contrast to the charge current Fano factor, which varies appreciably only in the antiparallel case, the spin Fano factor allows for a more sensitive determination of the spin-flip scattering rate.
74.40.+k - Fluctuations (noise, chaos, nonequilibrium superconductivity, localization, etc.).
72.25.Rb - Spin relaxation and scattering.
72.25.Ba - Spin polarized transport in metals.
© EDP Sciences 2005