Heralded quantum memory for single-photon polarization qubitsG. W. Lin1, X. B. Zou1, X. M. Lin2 and G. C. Guo1
1 Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China - Hefei 230026, PRC
2 School of Physics and Optoelectronics Technology, Fujian Normal University - Fuzhou 350007, PRC
received 21 January 2009; accepted in final form 20 April 2009; published May 2009
published online 22 May 2009
We propose a scheme to implement a heralded quantum memory for single-photon polarization qubits with a single atom trapped in an optical cavity. In this scheme, an injected photon only exchanges quantum state with the atom, so that the heralded storage can be achieved by detecting the output photon. We also demonstrate that the scheme can be used for realizing the heralded quantum state transfer, exchange, and entanglement distribution between distant nodes. The ability to detect whether the operation has succeeded or not is crucial for practical application.
03.67.Hk - Quantum communication.
03.67.-a - Quantum information.
42.50.-p - Quantum optics.
© EPLA 2009