Volume 39, Number 3, July I 1997
|Page(s)||293 - 298|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic and optical properties|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Absence of backscattering at integrable impurities in one-dimensional quantum many-body systems
Département de Physique,
Université François Rabelais, F-37200 Tours, France
2 Institut für Physik, Universität Augsburg - D-86135 Augsburg, Germany
3 Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Science - Bangalore, 560 012, India
4 Institut für Theoretische Physik C, RWTH Aachen, Templergraben 55, D-52056 Aachen, Germany
Accepted: 25 June 1997
We study interacting one-dimensional (1D) quantum lattice gases with integrable impurities. These model Hamiltonians can be derived using the quantum inverse scattering method for inhomogeneous models and are by construction integrable. The absence of backscattering at the impurities is shown to be the characteristic feature of these disordered systems. The value of the effective carrier charge and the Sutherland-Shastry relation are derived for the half-filled XXX model and are shown to be independent of the impurity concentration and strength. For the half-filled XXZ model we show that there is no enhancement of the persistent currents for repulsive interactions. For attractive interactions we identify a crossover regime beyond which enhancement of the currents is observed.
PACS: 72.10.Fk – Scattering by point defects, dislocations, surfaces, and other imperfections (including Kondo effect) / 72.15.Rn – Quantum localization / 71.27.+a – Strongly correlated electron systems; heavy fermions
© EDP Sciences, 1997
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