Volume 50, Number 4, May II 2000
|Page(s)||526 - 532|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties|
|Published online||01 September 2002|
Bloch oscillation under a bichromatic laser: Dynamical delocalization and localization, persistent terahertz emission, and harmonics generation
National Laboratory for Superlattices and Microstructures
Institute of Semiconductors, Chinese Academy of Sciences
P. O. Box 912, Beijing 100 083, PRC and
Centre for Advanced Study, Tsinghua University -
Beijing 100 084, PRC
Accepted: 13 March 2000
A novel AC driving configuration is proposed for biased semiconductor superlattices, in which the THz driving is provided by an intense bichromatic cw laser in the visible light range. The frequency difference between two components of the laser is resonant with the Bloch oscillation. Thus, multi-photon processes mediated by the conduction (valence) band states lead to dynamical delocalization and localization of the valence (conduction) electrons, and to the formation and collapse of quasi-minibands. Thus, driven Bloch oscillators are predicted to generate persistent THz emission and harmonics of the dipole field, which are tolerant of the exciton and the relaxation effects.
PACS: 72.20.Ht – High-field and nonlinear effects / 42.50.Hz – Strong-field excitation of optical transitions in quantum systems; multi-photon processes; dynamic Stark shift / 73.20.Dx – Electron states in low-dimensional structures (superlattices, quantum well structures and multilayers)
© EDP Sciences, 2000
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