Volume 55, Number 5, September 2001
|Page(s)||719 - 725|
|Section||Condensed matter: electronic structure, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties|
|Published online||01 December 2003|
Disorder-induced roughening transition of many elastic lines in a periodic potential
Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität zu
Köln - 50926 Köln, Germany
2 NIC c/o Forschungszentrum Jülich - 52425 Jülich, Germany
3 Helsinki University of Technology, Laboratory of Physics P.O. Box 1100, 02015 HUT, Finland
4 Theoretische Physik, Universität des Saarlandes - 66041 Saarbrücken, Germany
Accepted: 14 June 2001
The competing effect of a periodic pinning potential and random point disorder is studied for ensembles of elastic lines or directed polymers. The ground states are investigated by exact combinatorial optimization. In both two and three dimensions a phase diagram is found with two or three distinct phases: a strictly flat phase if the disorder is bounded and weak, a weakly fluctuating phase for intermediate valley depths, where the lines roughen individually on a scale smaller than the line-line distance, and a rough phase for strong disorder, where the roughness follows the scaling with pure point disorder. In the three-dimensional, rough phase the line wandering in the transverse direction leads to an entangled state with a complicated topology.
PACS: 74.60.Ge – Flux pinning, flux creep, and flux-line lattice dynamics / 68.35.Ct – Interface structure and roughness / 68.35.Rh – Phase transitions and critical phenomena
© EDP Sciences, 2001
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