Volume 83, Number 3, August 2008
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||11 July 2008|
Complex spectral properties of non-Hermitian operators: An application to open-flow mixing systems
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Chimica, Università di Roma ”La Sapienza” - via Eudossiana 18, 00184 Roma, Italy, EU
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 9 June 2008
We study the spectral properties of the advection-diffusion operator associated with a non-chaotic 3d Stokes flow defined in the annular region between counter-rotating cylinders of finite length. The focus is on the dependence of the eigenvalue-eigenfunction spectrum on the Peclet number Pe. Several convection-enhanced mixing regimes are identified, each characterized by a power law scaling, (γ < 1) of the real part of the dominant eigenvalue, , vs. Pe. Among these regimes, a Pe-independent scaling = const (i.e., γ = 0), qualitatively similar to the asymptotic regime of globally chaotic flows, is observed. This regime arises as the consequence of different eigenvalues branches interchanging dominance at increasing Pe. A combination of perturbation analysis and functional-theoretical arguments is used to explain the occurrence and the range of existence of each regime.
PACS: 47.85.lk – Mixing enhancement / 47.61.Ne – Micromixing / 47.15.G- – Low-Reynolds-number (creeping) flows
© EPLA, 2008
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