Volume 86, Number 1, April 2009
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||08 April 2009|
The difference of energies of Si atoms with single-crystalline, amorphous, free and nanoparticle configurations
College of Physics Science and Technology, Hebei University - Baoding 071002, PRC
2 College of Electronic and Informational Engineering, Hebei University - Baoding 071002, PRC
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 11 March 2009
Nanocrystalline silicon (nc-Si) films were systematically prepared via three ways: a) laser anneal or b) thermal anneal of the amorphous silicon (α-Si) films deposited by pulsed-laser ablation (PLA) in base vacuum, c) direct PLA in high-purity Ar gas with pressure of 10 Pa. The anneal-laser fluence, thermal-anneal temperature and ablation-laser fluence thresholds corresponding to the beginning of nanoparticles formation were respectively determined by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Raman and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Incorporated with crystallization mechanism, energies compensated for the formation of one Si nanoparticle in the three ways were calculated approximately. The result shows that for different crystallization ways, the potential barriers during the formation of one ~ 16 nm nanoparticle are on the order of 10-9 mJ.
PACS: 52.38.Mf – Laser ablation / 61.46.-w – Structure of nanoscale materials / 79.20.Ds – Laser-beam impact phenomena
© EPLA, 2009
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