Volume 90, Number 1, June 2010
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||21 April 2010|
Thermal fragmentation of nano-size clusters on surfaces
Joint Institute for High Temperatures, Russian Academy of Sciences - Izhorskaya 13, Building 2, Moscow 125412, Russia
2 Institut für Physik, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Universität Greifswald - Felix-Hausdorff-Str. 6, 17489 Greifswald, Germany, EU
3 Surface Physics Division, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics - 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064, India
Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 23 March 2010
Nano-size silver clusters deposited on a silicon surface with a native-oxide layer undergo rapid thermal annealing, and after fast cooling a partial fragmentation into smaller clusters is observed. The observations are explained by a simple model where the behavior of a liquid droplet on a surface is characterized by the surface tension for a free droplet and the surface tension at the interface with the silicon surface. A method is suggested for the determination of the ratio of these parameters. Within the framework of this model cluster fragmentation into several smaller droplets is caused by thermal fluctuations due to droplet oscillations. The model could prove useful for controlling the size of nano-particles on a surface.
PACS: 64.70.Nd – Structural transitions in nanoscale materials / 81.07.Bc – Nanocrystalline materials / 82.60.Qr – Thermodynamics of nanoparticles
© EPLA, 2010
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