Volume 90, Number 1, June 2010
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Physics of Gases, Plasmas and Electric Discharges|
|Published online||03 May 2010|
Nonlinear saturation amplitude in the Rayleigh-Taylor instability at arbitrary Atwood numbers with continuous profiles
State Key Laboratory for Geomechanics and Deep Underground Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology - Beijing 100083, China
2 LCP, Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematics - Beijing 100088, China
3 Department of Physics, Zhejiang University - Hangzhou 310027, China
4 CAPT, Peking University - Beijing 100871, China
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Accepted: 30 March 2010
We present an approximate method to derive an analytic formula for the Nonlinear Saturation Amplitude (NSA, ηs), in the two-dimensional Rayleigh-Taylor Instability (RTI) for incompressible fluids, with sharp density profiles, to analyze the Atwood number (AT) effects. Our analytic formula indicates that the Atwood number effects remarkably affect the NSA of the RTI. The density gradient effects (i.e., the effects of interface width) on the NSA are investigated by the Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS). In our DNS, it is found that the NSA is fundamentally dependent on kL, where L = min(ρ/|dρ/dx|) is the minimum density gradient scale length and k is the perturbation wave number. For fixed AT, kηs increases with kL, and for fixed L, kηs increases with kL. The results of DNS show that our analytic formula kηs = 2/, is recovered, when kL 0. In our DNS, for large kL, the NSA can approach and even exceed its wavelength, which cannot be predicted by the classical estimation, 0.1λ (Jacobs J. W. and Catton I., J. Fluid Mech., 187 (1988) 329).
PACS: 52.57.Fg – Implosion symmetry and hydrodynamic instability (Rayleigh-Taylor, Richtmyer-Meshkov, imprint, etc.) / 47.20.Ma – Interfacial instabilities (e.g., Rayleigh-Taylor) / 52.35.Py – Macroinstabilities (hydromagnetic, e.g., kink, fire-hose, mirror, ballooning, tearing, trapped-particle, flute, Rayleigh-Taylor, etc.)
© EPLA, 2010
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