Volume 90, Number 6, June 2010
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||15 July 2010|
Inertial effects on two-particle relative dispersion in turbulent flows
Max Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self Organization - D-37073 Göttingen, Germany, EU
2 Institute for Nonlinear Dynamics, University of Göttingen - D-37073 Göttingen, Germany, EU
3 Laboratory of Atomic and Solid-State Physics and Sibley School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Cornell University - Ithaca, NY 14853, USA
4 International Collaboration for Turbulence Research
Accepted: 14 June 2010
We report experimental results on the relative motion of pairs of solid spheric particles with initial separations in the inertial range of fully developed turbulence in water. The particle densities were in the range of 1 ρp/ρf 8, i.e., from neutrally buoyant to highly inertial; and their sizes were of the Kolmogorov scale. For all particles, we observed a Batchelor-like regime, in which particles separated ballistically. Similar to the Batchelor regime for tracers, this regime was observed in the early stages of the relative separation for times t0.1t0 with t0 determined by the turbulence energy dissipation rate and the initial separation between particle pairs. In this time interval heavier particles separated faster than fluid tracers. The second-order Eulerian velocity structure functions was found to increase with density. In other words, both observations show that the relative velocity between inertial particles was larger than that between tracers. Based on the widely used, simplified equation of motion for inertial point-particles, we derived a model that shows an increase in relative velocity between inertial particles. In its scale dependence, however, it disagrees quantitatively with the experimental results. This we attribute to the preferential sampling of the flow field by inertial particles, which is not captured by the model.
PACS: 47.27.Jv – High-Reynolds-number turbulence / 47.27.Gs – Isotropic turbulence; homogeneous turbulence / 47.80.Cb – Velocity measurements
© EPLA, 2010
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