Volume 94, Number 3, May 2011
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Electromagnetism, Optics, Acoustics, Heat Transfer, Classical Mechanics, and Fluid Dynamics|
|Published online||28 April 2011|
Nonlinear harmonic generation in a free-electron laser seeded with high harmonic radiation
Synchrotron SOLEIL - Saint Aubin, BP 34, 91 192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France, EU
2 XFEL Project Head Office/RIKEN - 1-1-1, Kouto, Sayo-cho, Sayo-gun, Hyogo 679-5148, Japan
3 Laboratoire d'optique appliquée, ENSTA-Paristech CNRS - 91 761 Palaiseau, France, EU
4 ENEA Frascati - Via E. Fermi, 00044 Frascati, Italy, EU
5 The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI) - Aichi 444-8585, Japan
Accepted: 25 March 2011
Seeding a Free-Electron Laser (FEL) drastically improves the temporal coherence of the self-amplified spontaneous emission and reduces the saturation length, even with very low-intensity seed. We report here on the achievement of single-shot nonlinear harmonics from the 2nd to the 7th order at 23 nm, on the FEL of the SCSS Test Accelerator operated at 150 MeV and seeded at 160 nm with harmonics generated in gas. In particular, a clear intensity enhancement leading to saturation effect observations and temporal coherence improvement for both odd and even harmonics are highlighted due to the seeding. Single-shot measurements both in spatial (vertical) and spectral domains are compared to analytical theory and numerical simulations.
PACS: 41.60.Cr – Free-electron lasers / 42.65.Ky – Frequency conversion; harmonic generation, including higher-order harmonic generation
© EPLA, 2011
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