Volume 99, Number 5, September 2012
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||05 September 2012|
Electrical breakdown and volt-ampere characteristics in water vapor in microgaps
1 Department of Experimental Physics, Comenius University - Mlynski dolina F2, 84248 Bratislava, Slovakia, EU
2 Radiation Laboratory and Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame - Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA
3 Institute of Physics, University of Belgrade - P.O. Box 57, 11080 Belgrade, Serbia
Received: 28 June 2012
Accepted: 1 August 2012
Although the physics for breakdown initiation in gases in generally well understood, the process of breakdown initiation in liquids is much less clear. A large number of experimental data on the breakdown in water revealed that the breakdown voltage in water is of the same magnitude as in the case of gases. This means that the breakdown in liquids can occur not at the extremely high electric fields required by the Paschen curve, but at those that only slightly exceed the breakdown electric fields in atmospheric-pressure molecular gases. This letter contains the results of experimental study on electrical breakdown characteristics in water vapor in microgaps between two parallel electrodes. Measurements were performed for the pressures of 24.15 torr, 20.85 torr and 14.55 torr with the gap size ranging from 40 μm to 900 μm. Considering that the atmospheric pressure sources operate in ambient air which unavoidably contains water vapor it is of great importance to investigate the basic processes and properties of discharges in water vapor.
PACS: 77.22.Jp – Dielectric breakdown and space-charge effects / 52.80.Wq – Discharge in liquids and solids / 51.50.+v – Electrical properties (ionization, breakdown, electron and ion mobility, etc.)
© EPLA, 2012
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