Volume 100, Number 3, November 2012
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Structural, Mechanical and Thermal Properties|
|Published online||22 November 2012|
Anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau and Lawrence-Doniach models for layered ultracold Fermi gases
1 SISSA - Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy, EU
2 ANVUR - P.za Kennedy 20, I-00144 Roma, Italy, EU
3 CNR-IOM DEMOCRITOS Simulation Center - Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy, EU
Received: 11 July 2012
Accepted: 24 October 2012
We derive and study the anisotropic Ginzburg-Landau and Lawrence-Doniach models describing a layered superfluid ultracold Fermi gas in optical lattices. We compute from the microscopic model the Josephson couplings entering the Lawrence-Doniach model across the crossover BCS-BEC passing from the 3D isotropic case to the quasi-2D one, showing that a model with only nearest-neighbor Josephson couplings is not adequate at the unitary limit (since the pairs have a diameter larger than the interlayer distance). We also show that the effective anisotropy of the system is strongly reduced at the unitary limit. Finally, we obtain a relation between the interlayer Josephson couplings and the Ginzburg-Landau masses: we find that using only couplings between adjacent planes is correct in the BEC side, while at the unitary limit one has to use also next-nearest-neighboring couplings.
PACS: 67.85.−d – / 03.75.Lm – / 74.20.De –
© EPLA, 2012
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