Volume 104, Number 5, December 2013
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Condensed Matter: Electronic Structure, Electrical, Magnetic and Optical Properties|
|Published online||03 January 2014|
Topological phase transitions in Sb(111) films driven by external strain and electric field
1 State Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Quantum Physics, Tsinghua University - Beijing 100084, China
2 School of Physics, Shandong University - Shandong 250100, China
3 Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Linyi University - Shandong 276000, China
Received: 16 September 2013
Accepted: 5 December 2013
Using the first-principles calculations, we systematically study the lattice structure and topological phase transitions driven by external strain and electric field in Sb(111) thin films. The results show that 1-bilayer film is a robust trivial semiconductor, and the band gap of a 4-bilayer film can be tuned by strain but without gap closing up to strains of 8%, indicating a robust two-dimensional topological insulator. However, for the remaining bilayers below 9 bilayers, the topological phase transitions are driven if a suitable value of strain is applied. Moreover, the electric field not only can induce the Rashba splitting, but also may induce the gap closing at other points rather than at time-reversal invariant momenta. Our theoretical results provide efficient methods to manipulate topological phase transitions of Sb films.
PACS: 73.20.At – Surface states, band structure, electron density of states / 71.70.Ej – Spin-orbit coupling, Zeeman and Stark splitting, Jahn-Teller effect
© EPLA, 2013
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