Volume 108, Number 4, November 2014
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||21 November 2014|
Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model with long-range interactions: Dynamics and thermostatistics
1 Center for Research and Applications of Nonlinear Systems (CRANS), Department of Mathematics, University of Patras - GR-26500, Patras, Greece
2 Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas and National Institute of Science and Technology for Complex Systems Rua Xavier Sigaud 150, 22290-180 Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil
3 Santa Fe Institute - 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA
Received: 29 May 2014
Accepted: 2 November 2014
We study a long-range–interaction generalisation of the one-dimensional Fermi-Pasta-Ulam (FPU) β-model, by introducing a quartic interaction coupling constant that decays as (with strength characterised by b > 0). In the limit we recover the original FPU model. Through molecular dynamics we show that i) for the maximal Lyapunov exponent remains finite and positive for an increasing number of oscillators N, whereas, for , it asymptotically decreases as ; ii) the distribution of time-averaged velocities is Maxwellian for α large enough, whereas it is well approached by a q-Gaussian, with the index monotonically decreasing from about 1.5 to 1 (Gaussian) when α increases from zero to close to one. For α small enough, a crossover occurs at time tc from q-statistics to Boltzmann-Gibbs (BG) thermostatistics, which defines a “phase diagram” for the system with a linear boundary of the form with and , in such a way that the q = 1 (BG) behaviour dominates in the ordering, while in the ordering q > 1 statistics prevails.
PACS: 05.20.-y – Classical statistical mechanics / 05.45.-a – Nonlinear dynamics and chaos / 65.40.gd – Entropy
© EPLA, 2014
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